Historical Information about Slovakia
Officially the Slovak Republic, is a landlocked country in the eastern part of Central Europe. It is bordered by Poland to the north, Ukraine to the east, Hungary to the south, Austria to the southwest, and the Czech Republic to the northwest. Slovakia's territory spans about 49,000 square kilometres (19,000 sq mi) and is mostly mountainous. The population is over 5.6 million and consists mostly of Slovaks. The capital and largest city is Bratislava, and the second-largest city is Košice. The official language is Slovak.
Radiocarbon dating puts the oldest surviving human artefacts from Slovakia—found near Nové Mesto nad Váhom—at 270,000 BCE, in the Early Paleolithic era. These ancient tools, made by the Clactonian technique, bear witness to the ancient habitation of Slovakia.
Other stone tools from the Middle Paleolithic era (200,000–80,000 BCE) come from the Prévôt (Prepoštská) cave in Bojnice and from other nearby sites. The most important discovery from that era is a Neanderthal cranium (c. 200,000 BCE), discovered near Gánovce, a village in northern Slovakia.
Historical Information About Slovakia
The Slavs landed in the region of present-day Slovakia in the fifth and sixth hundreds of years. In the seventh century, they assumed a noteworthy job in the formation of Samo's Empire and in the ninth century built up the Principality of Nitra, which was later vanquished by the Principality of Moravia to set up Great Moravia. In the tenth century, after the disintegration of Great Moravia, the region was coordinated into the Principality of Hungary, which would turn into the Kingdom of Hungary in 1000. In 1241 and 1242, a significant part of the region was wrecked by the Mongols during their intrusion of Central and Eastern Europe. The zone was recouped to a great extent because of Béla IV of Hungary who likewise settled Germans who turned into a significant ethnic gathering in the territory, particularly in what are today parts of focal and eastern Slovakia.
After World War I and the disintegration of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the Czechoslovak National Council set up Czechoslovakia (1918–1939). A different (First) Slovak Republic (1939–1945) existed during World War II as an extremist, clero-fundamentalist one-party customer territory of Nazi Germany. Toward the finish of World War II, Czechoslovakia was restored as an autonomous nation. After an upset in 1948 Czechoslovakia turned into an authoritarian one-party communist state under a socialist organization, during which the nation was a piece of the Soviet-drove Eastern Bloc. Endeavors to change socialism in Czechoslovakia finished in the Prague Spring, which was squashed by the Warsaw Pact attack of Czechoslovakia in August 1968. In 1989, the Velvet Revolution finished the Communist standard in Czechoslovakia calmly. Slovakia turned into a free state on 1 January 1993 after the tranquil disintegration of Czechoslovakia, now and then known as the Velvet Divorce.
Slovakia is a high-salary propelled economy with a high Human Development Index, an elevated expectation of living and performs well in estimations of common freedoms, press opportunity, web opportunity, popularity based administration, and serenity. The nation keeps up a mix of a market economy with an extensive standardized savings framework. Residents of Slovakia are given general human services, free instruction and one of the longest paid parental leaves in the OECD. The nation joined the European Union on 1 May 2004 and joined the Eurozone on 1 January 2009. Slovakia is additionally an individual from the Schengen Area, NATO, the United Nations, the OECD, the WTO, CERN, the OSCE, the Council of Europe and the Visegrád Group. As a component of the Eurozone, Slovak lawful delicate is the euro, the world's second most-exchanged money. Slovakia is the world's biggest per-capita vehicle maker with a sum of 1,090,000 autos fabricated in the nation in 2018 alone and the sixth biggest vehicle maker in the European Union, speaking to 43% of Slovakia's absolute mechanical yield.
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